One-third of children between 5 and 15 years of age have an iron deficiency, and it is reported that obese children may be more susceptible to iron deficiency than normal-weight children. The authors used a multicenter, randomized, parallel control trial to implement a nutrition-based comprehensive intervention childhood obesity program. Weight and BMI in the intervention group were significantly lower than in the control group at 6-week follow-up. When compared with controls, the children in the intervention group showed improved iron status as well as reduced inflammation biomarkers.
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