The risk of heart attack or stroke may be double in patients with HIV, compared with those who do not have the virus, because of inflammation of the arteries, according to a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association that evaluated results of patients' PET and CT scans. The inflammation may be a result of the immune system's activation in response to HIV, the study said. "These new data suggest a plausible mechanism through which increased arterial inflammation related to activation of the immune system may increase the risk of cardiovascular events in these patients," said principal investigator Dr. Steven Grinspoon, director of the Massachusetts General Hospital Program in Nutritional Metabolism.
Patients with HIV have a higher risk for cardiac diseases
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