Federal projects aimed at improving flood-protection systems in New York and New Jersey have been stalled for decades, with many of these projects lacking in funding, according to this article. The projects would have aimed to determine whether seawalls, sand dunes and other manmade barriers would be feasible to protect Staten Island, the Jersey Shore and other coastal areas. "This system is broken. It needs to be fixed. ... Something gets approved, and then it gets lost. It's almost like putting it in a bottomless pit and it never gets done," said Rep. Michael Grimm, R-N.Y.