K-12 schools and colleges in a Pennsylvania community strive to create career pipelines for students by offering programs that meet industry needs. Pittsburgh Public Schools offers 15 career-focused programs, in which about 500 high-school students annually learn everything from auto body repair to computer-assisted design.
How women perceive their own femininity may affect the majors they choose in college, leading to increased gender stratification in, not only degrees, but later in the workforce, according to a study. Gender conformity, researchers say, may lead women to eschew degrees in science, technology, engineering and math and instead favor majors in arts and the humanities.
An environment of trust, appreciation and innovation helps people be happy and perform effectively and creatively, writes Larry Senn. Encourage others to be open to change, foster open communications and recognize successes.
A new stem cell technique has been used to make infertile male mice with extra sex chromosomes fertile, according to findings published in Science. Researchers used skin cells to make induced pluripotent stem cells, which eliminated the extra X or Y chromosome, allowing sperm cells to form and resulting in pregnancies more than half the time.
A protein in female mice embryos helps eliminate developing male reproductive tissue, a new study in Science suggests. Researchers found that if they removed the COUP-TFII protein, embryos would develop both male and female reproductive tissue.
Activating neurons in the brains of Japanese macaques caused them to recognize new items as known and familiar items as new, according to a study published in Science. Researchers stimulated different areas of the perirhinal cortex, which is known to have something to do with visual memory, to see how it would affect the monkeys' identification of objects.
Cloud bands similar to those around Neptune have been detected surrounding brown dwarfs, massive objects that aren't quite planets and didn't make the cut as stars. This is the first time cloud bands have been found in brown dwarf atmospheres, according to findings published in Science.
Astronomers have observed a type Ia supernova created by a white dwarf siphoning off material from its huge companion star, according to findings set to be published in The Astrophysical Journal. The discovery bolsters the contention that two different processes may cause supernovae.
Adding water to whiskey prior to bottling can improve the liquor's taste, a study published in Scientific Reports suggests. The dilution strengthens the taste and smell of a compound in the whiskey called guaiacol.
Four years after treatment in a clinical trial, most children with peanut allergies have been able to tolerate the nut, according to findings published in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health. "These children had been eating peanut freely in their diet without having to follow any particular program of peanut intake in the years after treatment was completed," said Mimi Tang, study leader.
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