As of 2015, 9.4% of the US population, or 30.3 million people, have diabetes, while 84.1 million have prediabetes, according to the CDC's 2017 National Diabetes Statistics Report. Researchers also found increased rates of diagnosed diabetes with age, with 25.5% of adults ages at least 65 having diabetes, compared with 4% of those ages 18 to 44.
Health insurance enrollment platforms are most effective when they streamline the user experience, pinpoint enrollment errors, include regular updates to ensure compliance, and allow users to customize the platform depending on their needs, according to a KLAS report. Interoperability and flexibility for growing businesses are also key, the report found, but the authors say simplicity and utility are the most important considerations.
The US Preventive Services Task Force has released a draft recommendation advising against ovarian cancer screening for asymptomatic women, but the recommendation does not apply to women who are at high risk of developing the disease, such as carriers of BRCA mutations. The panel found that screening asymptomatic women does not reduce the number of deaths from ovarian cancer, and it could even lead to unnecessary surgeries, a task force member said.
A comprehensive, personalized management program plus treatment with the drug memantine led to significant functional improvement in patients with moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease, compared with placebo or memantine alone, according to research presented at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference. Researcher Dr. Barry Reisberg of New York University Langone Medical Center said clinicians know medication alone will not stop Alzheimer's progression, but basic skills training for this patient group is underutilized and understudied.
Canadian researchers found that healthy youths who took a 2,000 IU dose of vitamin D daily had similar overall incidence of wintertime viral upper respiratory infections as those who received standard doses of 400 IU daily. The findings in the Journal of the American Medical Association were based on data involving 703 Canadian children ages 1 to 5.
The World Health Organization and UNICEF reported that globally, 12.9 million infants, or about 1 in 10, weren't given any vaccinations in 2016, while 6.6 million infants who had the first dose of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis-containing vaccine didn't complete the three-dose immunization series last year. The findings also showed that 86% of children received complete routine immunizations, which was unchanged since 2010 and short of the global target of 90%.
A study in the Journal of the American Medical Association found the Affordable Care Act's Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program did not increase post-discharge mortality rates for patients with heart failure, myocardial infarction or pneumonia. "If anything, readmission reductions were associated with concomitant reductions in mortality," said Kumar Dharmarajan of Yale New Haven Health, an author of the study.
The Beachwood, Ohio, City Council wants the city to be a leader in granting paid parental leave, and members are considering benefits ranging from six weeks to six months of fully paid time off. Other Ohio cities, such as Cincinnati, Columbus and Dayton, have six weeks of parental leave, with the first two weeks unpaid and the remaining time paid at 70%.
Rudy's Country Store and Bar-B-Q in Texas made its financial wellness program mandatory for employees but offers incentives, such as cash to help pay down debt. The 127 workers involved in the program have paid off a total of $522,000 in debt and saved $568,000 over two years.
The US Preventive Services Task Force issued a draft recommendation against ovarian cancer screening for women with no signs or symptoms and who are not at high risk for the disease. Research shows screening these women did not reduce deaths from ovarian cancer and could lead to unnecessary surgeries, according to USPSTF member Maureen Phipps.
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