Women with opioid addictions are at heightened risk of relapse and overdose in the stressful months after giving birth, but health care and social services are often lacking for those with low income, studies show. In the 17 states that have not expanded Medicaid, pregnancy coverage expires 60 days after childbirth.
Animal shelters in the US, UK, India and Australia say playing "Canine Lullabies" calms anxious dogs, but composer Terry Woodford says the songs on the album were initially intended to soothe babies. Studies have found that dogs respond differently to different styles of music, and Woodford says he released "Canine Lullabies" after getting feedback from parents who had played "Heartbeat Lullabies" for their children and noticed the songs' effects on their dogs.
Pfizer is moving past its neuroscience failures and starting over by funding the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center spinoff Magnolia Neurosciences. Magnolia CEO Thong Le, who also is CEO of Accelerator Life Science Partners, says the company won't focus on traditional neuroscience research.
A1C was associated with an increased risk of developing coronary artery disease risk, but not with cardiovascular disease, according to a study in Diabetes Care. Researchers evaluated 38 genetic variants strongly and independently related to A1C and suggested developing interventions that target A1C reduction to reduce the global burden of CAD.
A study in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism showed that men with type 1 diabetes experienced reduced bone mineral density over 10 years, which stabilizes over time, compared with women whose BMD remained normal over 10 years. Researchers used a cohort of 48 diabetes patients and found that male patients had a statistically significant BMD increase at the lumbar spine and a similar, but insignificant, trend at the forearm, while female patients had a significant, but weak, BMD increase at the forearm.
Eating a healthy diet is important to cardiovascular disease prevention but there are barriers to good nutrition that can be addressed through a variety of policy initiatives, such as taxes on certain foods, economic incentives for healthy food production and food marketing regulation, according to a review in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. "Health professionals and community leaders have a great responsibility to promote cardiovascular health and disease prevention but require a basic nutrition knowledge base," the authors wrote.
The Women's Preventive Services Initiative recommended annual screening for women and referrals for treatment if incontinence is indicated. A study review in the Annals of Internal Medicine showed insufficient evidence to determine the effectiveness and harms of screening women for urinary incontinence, researchers reported.
Mustang Bio and St. Jude Children's Research Hospital will work together to develop an ex vivo lentiviral gene therapy for severe combined immunodeficiency, or "bubble boy" disease. The collaboration will focus on completing their Phase I/II clinical trials, one of which involves patients under the age of 2, with promising responses from eight patients who already received the treatment.
At a National Health Council briefing, FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb discussed the importance of patients' perspectives for drug development, reviews and prescribing practices. Gottlieb shared his experience of being diagnosed with stage 1 Hodgkin lymphoma in 2006 and how daunting it was even with his physician saying he had more than a 90% chance of a complete cure.
UCSF Health and Dignity Health will consolidate their telehealth and mobile health programs on Dignity Health's cloud-based platform, which will then be used to expand the Center for Digital Health Innovation at the University of California at San Francisco. "This collaboration between UCSF and Dignity Health will set a new national standard for how patients should be supported through their digital health care journeys with intensely positive and personal experiences," said Dignity Health Chief Digital Officer Dr. Shez Partovi.
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