Domestic cats permitted to go outdoors have an average life span of about 3.5 years, while cats that stay indoors have a life expectancy of 17.5 years, says University of Pennsylvania veterinarian Karen Overall. Outdoor cats can gradually adapt to indoor life, and veterinarians can help cat owners with the transition.
Delta Air Lines will require more information before allowing service and emotional-support animals to travel in the passenger cabin, including proof of vaccination, a letter from a health care provider and assurance that the animal is well behaved and trained. More than two-thirds of the 250,000 service and support animals Delta transports each year are emotional-support animals, and the airline reported a growing number of incidents and passenger complaints.
A study in Diabetes Care showed that type 2 diabetes patients with hypertriglyceridemia experienced significant reductions in insulin resistance and non-HDL and triglyceride levels and increases in HDL cholesterol levels after receiving 0.2 mg/day or 0.4 mg/day of pemafibrate for 24 weeks, compared with the placebo group. Japanese researchers used a cohort of 167 patients, mean age of 60.5, and found that pemafibrate was also associated with significant increases in fibroblast growth factor 21 levels.
Children and adolescents with osteosarcoma who had lower F-18 FDG-PET/CT maximum standardized uptake values at week 5 and week 10 after chemotherapy and those with larger percentage declines from baseline SUVmax were more likely to respond to treatment, compared with those with higher SUVmax at weeks 5 and 10 and those with lower percentage declines from baseline SUVmax, researchers reported in the Journal of Nuclear Medicine. However, the findings didn't associate SUVmax or percentage changes in SUVmax with event-free survival.
US Department of Agriculture inspections of meat and poultry will continue during the government shutdown, but the FDA may stop doing its routine unannounced inspections. Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue said safety-net nutrition programs, including the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, the Child Nutrition Programs and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children, will continue to operate.
Dates come in many varieties and have cultural and religious significance in some religions and cultures, but medjool and deglet noor dates are most commonly found in the US, said registered dietitian Rahaf Al Bochi. Dates are good sources of minerals such as potassium and magnesium, and a half cup has about 6 grams of fiber, Al Bochi said.
Registered dietitian Jennifer Willoughby says making an overall meal plan for one or two weeks at a time during the winter months and then stocking up on ingredients can minimize trips to the grocery store during cold weather. Get the family involved in planning and preparing meals and make a game of coming up with interesting meals using ingredients already in the fridge or pantry, Willoughby says.
Researchers found that 23% of adults with type 2 diabetes and obesity who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery in addition to intensive medical management and lifestyle intervention achieved the composite endpoint of A1C less than 7%, LDL cholesterol less than 100 mg/d and systolic blood pressure less than 130 mm Hg at five years, compared with 4% of the lifestyle intervention and intensive medical management group. The findings in the Journal of the American Medical Association, based on 120 patients, mean age of 49, also revealed that those in the RYGB group had more adverse events than the intensive management group.
Thirty-eight percent of rural Minnesota restaurants participating in a community-based program to make their menus more heart-healthy adopted six of 16 healthy practices, according to research in Public Health Nutrition. Each restaurant got a consult with a dietitian, staff training and help with promotion, and the most common changes were offering whole grains, fruits, nonfried vegetables and smaller portions.
The Syracuse City School District in New York has a student-run food committee that is gathering survey feedback on lunch menus from its high-school students. The comments may result in menu changes, but the district's director of food and nutrition service, registered dietitian Rachel Murphy, said all foods offered will align with state and federal nutrition standards.
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