Dementia patients who received five or more sessions of music-based treatment had improved depression symptoms and potentially better emotional well-being and less anxiety, compared with those who underwent standard care or other activities, Dutch researchers reported in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. However, the findings, based on a review of 21 randomized trials involving 1,097 individuals, didn't associate music therapy with improved cognition or reduced behavioral problems.
Researchers found that individuals with Alzheimer's disease neuropathology but without dementia symptoms had a different synaptic protein makeup that resists tau and amyloid beta protein accumulation, allowing them to stay cognitively healthy, compared with those with Alzheimer's dementia and those without Alzheimer's. The findings were published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.
Roche's Perjeta, or pertuzumab, was not recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence for National Health Service use to treat early HER2-positive breast cancer after surgery in patients who face a greater risk of disease recurrence. The cost regulator ruled that the drug's benefit did not meet cost-effectiveness standards.
The personal impact of the trauma she confronted in rescue work after Hurricane Katrina has informed her practice, says Capt. Crystal Ditto, a licensed clinical social worker who heads the Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention and Treatment Program at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio. She urges those experiencing stress to seek help before symptoms become severe.
Public schools in Bismarck, N.D., are launching a $1.4 million initiative targeting student safety and mental health, with plans to hire additional psychologists, extend social worker hours and hold suicide prevention training for staff. "We need to deal with the fact that we have a lot of kids who deal with depression, a lot of kids who feel lonely," says state Sen. Nicole Poolman.
At 903-to-1, Arizona's ratio of school counselors to students was the highest in the nation during the 2015-16 school year, according to the American School Counselor Association. The 250-1 ratio recommended by the ASCA has been achieved only in New Hampshire, Wyoming and Vermont.
A new CDC report shows one in four US adults citing a disability that affects a major daily activity, with mobility as the leading barrier. The survey of 458,811 non-institutionalized adults was the first by the CDC to note percentages over six types of disability: mobility, cognition, hearing, independent living, vision and self-care.
Researchers found that children with neurofibromatosis type 1 had a more than threefold increased frequency of brain tumors, compared with those without NF1. The findings in Neurology: Clinical Practice were based on MRI scans of 114 youths.
Researchers in Japan looked at the tongue microbiota composition of 506 residents of Hisayama, ages 70 to 80 years, and found that the main bacteria linked to elevated pneumonia-related mortality risk were predominantly found in those with more plaque, fewer teeth and more cavities. The study, published in mSphere, suggests poor dental hygiene was associated with a dysbiotic shift in the tongue microbiota composition, posing risks to respiratory health.
Drinking alcohol can lower inhibitions and lead people to eat more food, and registered dietitian Ginger Hultin says there is evidence it can affect hormones linked to satiety. Hultin said alcohol can reduce blood sugar, causing cravings for sugar and carbohydrates, and some research suggests it may affect nerve cells in the brain's hypothalamus that increase appetite.