A Canadian study, reported in JAMA Psychiatry, found that cannabis use by adolescents was associated with elevated reporting of psychosis symptoms in the following year. The findings were based on self-reporting by 3,720 students in the Montreal area.
Seniors with gout were 17% to 20% more likely to develop dementia, compared with those without gout, researchers reported at the European Congress of Rheumatology. The findings, based on data involving 1.23 million Medicare beneficiaries, showed a stronger link between gout and dementia among women, those in older age groups, African-Americans and those with higher medical comorbidity.
Patients with advanced Hodgkin lymphoma with negative or positive PET scans who either received four cycles of ABVD after two BEACOPP cycles or four cycles of BEACOPP after two initial BEACOPP cycles had an 85.7% five-year progression-free survival rate and 96.4% five-year overall survival rate, compared with an 86.2% five-year PFS rate and 95.2% five-year OS rate among those who received six cycles of BEACOPP without PET guidance, according to a French study presented at the European Hematology Association annual meeting. The findings also showed that a PET-guided approach can reduce treatment without damaging disease control in 84% of patients.
Researchers who used PET found that 40% of patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who received polatuzumab vedotin in addition to bendamustine and rituximab achieved complete response, compared with 15% of those who only took bendamustine and rituximab. The findings, presented at the European Hematology Association annual meeting, also showed longer progression-free survival and overall survival among those who received the triple drug combo.
Ion Beam Applications has collaborated with Arizona Isotope Science Research to install its Cyclone 70 cyclotron system in Arizona to produce strontium-82 and rubidium-82 generators used in diagnosing and treating cardiovascular disease and other critical illnesses. The system can provide alpha beams at 70 MeV, single or dual proton beams from 30 MeV to 70 MeV, and single or dual deuteron beams from 15 MeV to 35 MeV, and it uses the Zephiros control system to improve efficiency and productivity, as well as maximize uptime.
At the annual meeting of the European Hematology Association, MorphoSys presented data from its Phase II trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of its drug candidate MOR208 combined with idelalisib indicated for patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia and small lymphocytic lymphoma who couldn't tolerate or whose disease progressed with ibrutinib. Preliminary efficacy analysis showed an overall response rate of 82%, with one complete and eight partial responses, and neutropenia and anemia being the most common treatment-emerging adverse events.
The Medicare Payment Advisory Commission issued a report to Congress proposing a 3.8% payment cut for diagnostic radiology, pathology, and occupational and physical therapy due to concerns of overvaluation. The report, which proposes a 10% payment increase for evaluation and management services, also recommended approaches to address low-value care and called on the CMS to use population-based measures such as service value, patient experience and outcomes to evaluate care quality.
Feelings of fear and hopelessness, as well as suicidal thoughts and skipping school to avoid bullying, have increased among American teens since 2007, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported. However, there was also good news in the CDC's biennial survey: Fewer students said they'd had sex or used alcohol or drugs compared with a decade ago.
A social work expert warns that the government's "zero tolerance" policy of separating children from parents attempting to enter the US illegally and crowding them into makeshift detention centers jeopardizes both their mental and physical development. Research confirms that separation should be a last resort, as "a traumatic incident like this in your childhood leads to public health issues later in life," said Ragan Schriver, director of the Social Work program at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville.
Since North Carolina took control over Cherokee County's Department of Social Services, there have been instances of hiring social workers that don't meet the minimum qualifications, as well as failing to provide the necessary training, a TV news investigation found. Meanwhile, the DSS in Henderson County, N.C., is looking into simulation training labs to help train social workers.