Researchers found that the levels of the hunger hormone ghrelin and the fullness hormone peptide YY increased and decreased more in the evening than in the morning, respectively, which suggests that "evening is a high-risk time for overeating, especially if you're stressed and already prone to binge-eating," said study lead researcher Susan Carnell. The findings in the International Journal of Obesity, based on 32 overweight or obese individuals, some with binge-eating disorder, ages 18 to 50, also revealed a greater effect of the hormones on appetite among those with binge-eating disorder.
Consumers should identify their goals, such as learning cooking skills or following a new diet, before choosing a meal delivery service, said registered dietitian Brittany Chin Jones. Consider food allergies and preferences, look for a plan that provides complete nutrition information on recipes, compare prices and make sure the kitchen is stocked with extra ingredients the meals may require, Jones said.
Damaged or scarred fat tissue makes it difficult for people with obesity to lose weight, according to a study in the journal Metabolism. UK researchers found that although fat tissue in overweight people had greater quantities of the Lysyl oxidase gene, which regulates scarring in obesity, regular physical activity and reduced energy intake could help the fat tissue to not become overworked, making weight loss possible and improving blood glucose levels.
Researchers linked every 1% increase in a county's obesity rate to 5% higher obesity risk and 0.08 higher body mass index value among parents, as well as higher overweight or obesity risk and higher BMI z-scores among youths. The findings in JAMA Pediatrics, based on 1,519 families in the Military Teenagers Environments, Exercise, and Nutrition Study, also showed a stronger correlation between community and familial obesity rates among those who lived outside the military base and those who resided longer in the community.
Illinois Central College and Methodist College of Nursing have opened food pantries for students, and many two-year and four-year schools in the state belong to the College and University Food Bank Alliance. Non-traditional students, such as those who have families and are working on a degree, also use the pantries, and at ICC baby food is a popular item.
A study in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology found 52.4% of patients experienced an in-hospital cardiac arrest during off-hours. Although the risk-adjusted survival rate for these patients increased from 11.9% in 2000 to 21.9% in 2014, risk-adjusted survival for patients who had an in-hospital cardiac arrest during on-hours increased from 16% in 2000 to 25.2% in 2014.
CMS began its Meaningful Measures initiative to address concerns about the high number of quality measures and what value they may have, and a few months into the process, some stakeholders have concerns, while others say it is a step in the right direction. Some industry experts say the initiative is too broad to be able to drill down on the value of specific quality measures.
CMS officials will work with the HHS Office of Inspector General, HHS general counsel and the Justice Department on a review of the 1989 Stark law, which critics say impedes physicians' ability to enter advanced payment arrangements and restricts referrals of Medicare patients to colleagues and health care facilities with which the referring physician has a financial relationship.
A former Texas child welfare caseworker warns against institutional racial bias that prompted him to remove too many black children from their homes. Now dean of the University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work, Alan Dettlaff urges fellow professionals to study and take action against bias and racial disproportionality.
Depression is widespread in older people and often wrongly construed as a normal part of the aging process, writes social worker Lauren Snedeker. It is especially important to be alert to depression's impact on physical health, she says.