Dutch researchers examined functional MRI scans from 332 patients with multiple sclerosis and found that cognitive impairment was associated with white matter damage among those with gray matter atrophy, but was mainly determined by cognitive reserve among those without atrophy. The findings, published in a radiology journal, suggest that evaluating cognitive reserve as part of patient monitoring may help predict when cognitive decline will occur among patients with MS, according to an accompanying editorial.
FDA breakthrough therapy designation was granted to bluebird bio's Lenti-D, which is indicated to treat patients with cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy.
Clinigen and Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma agreed to collaborate to initiate a managed access program in Europe for its amyotrophic lateral sclerosis treatment edaravone. In studies, patients receiving edaravone demonstrated a 33% reduction in the decline of physical function versus placebo as measured by the ALS Functional Rating Scale-Revised.
Registered dietitian nutritionist Carrie Dennett says commenting about a person's weight loss may not be a good idea because it could be related to problems such as an eating disorder, a history of trauma or a current personal crisis. Dennett says people may not have actually lost weight or they may not appreciate body-related comments.
Research links the Nordic diet to lower risks for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes and possible weight loss. Registered dietitian Lauri Wright said the Nordic diet is a plant-forward eating plan that reduces meat consumption, while RD Layne Lieberman said it is similar to the Mediterranean diet in that it is based on seasonal, sustainable and locally sourced foods.
Moving away and checking your car and electronics for tracking devices are important steps toward staying safe after escaping domestic violence, advocate Nora Hood writes. She discusses measures for securing social media accounts and the home, adding that survivors should also "seek support, practice self-care, and give yourself time to heal and grieve."
New city grants totaling nearly $1.5 million will fuel programs aimed at helping at-risk Chicago teens and young adults -- called "Opportunity Youth" -- engage in school and employment. "This builds off of our commitment to mentoring, my belief that every adolescent needs a mentor, who play crucial roles in helping kids make the right choices in life," Mayor Rahm Emanuel said.
Involuntary commitment for addiction treatment is on the increase in the US, but many experts in health care and civil liberties warn that its ill effects could outweigh any merits. Despite spotlighted success stories, research does not support forced treatment as a recovery method.
Fostering Success Michigan, a statewide program dedicated to helping young people who've been in foster care attain higher education, celebrated its 10th anniversary this week. "I have seen a lot of youth that are college material, but they are just afraid to go on to college and they don't have that extra family backing them to say, 'You can do it. You can move on,'" said residential facility manager Danette Nordhof.
With nine states having enacted laws permitting state-contracted faith-based adoption agencies to turn away applicants who are single, LGBTQ or of another religion, a US Supreme Court test may be on the horizon, observers note. At least one state has been sued and other litigation is planned over what opponents call an unconstitutional use of tax dollars to foster discrimination.