About 70% of the people sickened by an E. coli outbreak linked to Arizona romaine lettuce are women, and data show similar rates for outbreaks in the past. Dr. Bruce Lee of Johns Hopkins University said factors could include diet, as women tend to eat more vegetables than men, and how women report symptoms to their health care providers.
New Zealand researchers found that youths who had adequate cooking skills at age 18 to 23 prepared meals with vegetables more often, had more frequent family meals and ate fast food less often at ages 30 to 35. The findings were published in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.
Using the expanded diabetes screening criteria identified 76.8% of individuals who truly have abnormal blood glucose levels, compared with the US Preventive Services Task Force's recommended criteria that only identified 47.3% of those with dysglycemia, according to a study in the Journal of General Internal Medicine. Researchers used a cohort of 3,643 adults who had never received a diabetes diagnosis and found that using the USPSTF criteria would also miss other high-risk groups, including women with polycystic ovarian syndrome and/or a history of gestational diabetes, racial/ethnic minorities and younger at-risk individuals.
The United States scored 7.1 out of 10 on the 2018 National Health Security Preparedness Index, an improvement of nearly 11% compared to the country's score five years ago when the index was introduced. There were still certain states that lagged, but Dr. Stephen Redd, director of the CDC's Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response, said, "(t)he index helps pinpoint where cross-sector investments are paying off and how the nation can increase resilience."
Patients with malignant melanoma were 61% less likely to develop Alzheimer's disease, while those with squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma had 92% and 82% reduced odds of Alzheimer's, respectively, according to a study in the Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology. The findings may help further studies on identifying the underlying cause behind the association between skin cancer and reduced Alzheimer's disease risk, researchers said.
Researchers found that systolic blood pressure of 110 mm Hg to 120 mm Hg reduced all-cause dementia risk among individuals ages 62 to 82 and systolic BP greater than 162 mm Hg increased odds of dementia among those ages 70 to 86.5, while higher diastolic BP was linked to a lower likelihood of Alzheimer's disease. The findings presented at the American Academy of Neurology's annual meeting, based on a meta-analysis of 44 studies, also showed changes in the association between BP and dementia risk based on APOE e4 gene and hypertensive treatment status.
Purdue University researchers found that animal models and cell cultures of Parkinson's disease had acrolein, a compound that promotes alpha-synuclein protein buildup and is directly involved in neuronal cell death, but the effects of Parkinson's were curbed and reversed using hydralazine, a drug for hypertension and congestive heart failure. The findings in the journal Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience support the development of acrolein-targeting drugs for Parkinson's disease, said researcher Jean-Christophe Rochet.
A study in a radiology journal showed only a 0.6% increase in the number of diagnostic imaging claims per commercially insured resident in Massachusetts between 2009 and 2013, compared with a 6% annual increase for non-radiology service claims. Researchers also found that nuclear medicine claims fell by 57% during the same period, but nuclear medicine was the only modality that had higher average payments per claim in 2013 than in 2009.
A Nebraska program that enlists community resources to support at-risk families and head off child abuse drew praise from a visiting White House official. "The concept behind Bring Up Nebraska is just so consistent with the direction we're trying to move child welfare across the country, which is a real focus on preventing the occurrence of child abuse and neglect and helping to strengthen families before bad things happen," said Jerry Milner, associate commissioner for the Children's Bureau.
As a motel in Bullhead City, Ariz., seeks bankruptcy protection, social service providers are scrambling to find housing for long-term tenants due to be expelled next month, several of whom are elderly. Agencies had previously referred people to the hotel because there were few options for low-income renters.