A federal judge invalidated four patents for Allergan's dry-eye drug Restasis, opening the door to possible generic competition, but no such drugs are approved yet, and the company said it will appeal. Allergan has been criticized for transferring patents for Restasis to a Native American tribe in an effort to protect itself from patent challenges.
Researchers studying electroencephalograms of dogs during three-hour naps found patterns indicative of general intelligence, memory, learning and healthy aging similar to human sleep-state brain patterns. The findings, published in Scientific Reports, suggest that dogs could help scientists understand the function of sleep in people.
Malpractice suits related to EHR use rose from two in 2007 to 2010 to 161 in 2011 to December 2016, according to a study released by The Doctors Company. Researchers found that there were more EHR-related malpractice claim events in patient rooms than in hospital clinics/doctors' offices, emergency rooms, ambulatory/day/surgery centers, or labor and delivery rooms, as well as an 8% increase in system factors and a 6% decrease in user factors that contributed to these claims.
Diabetes caused 21% of all deaths in Germany in 2010, with 16% attributable to type 2 diabetes, an indication that official estimates relying on information from death certificates are "grossly underestimated," according to a study in Diabetes Care. German researchers analyzed data from 64.9 million people enrolled in the German national health care system in 2010 and found that more excess deaths occurred in men than women and groups ages 70 to 79 and 80 to 89 each had 34% of the excess deaths.
Everyone ages 6 months or older, including pregnant women, should get a yearly flu shot unless they have had a severe reaction to vaccination in the past, said the CDC's Lisa Grohskopf. People who have egg allergies should be vaccinated because the amount of egg protein in the vaccine is small and not likely to cause a reaction.
A study in the journal Family Medicine found the psychosocial BATHE intervention, which stands for background, affect, trouble, handling and empathy, increases hospital inpatient satisfaction scores. The technique lets patients share psychological or life problems with clinicians, and data showed patients who participated gave their physicians an average score of 4.77, compared with a 4.0 score given by patients receiving standard care.
A UK study in Frontiers in Physiology found that despite the efficacy of antihypertensive treatments in lowering blood pressure and restoring normal function in arterioles and larger vessels, these drugs failed to restore normal vascular rhythms in smaller vessels. The findings were based on a cohort of patients in their 20s and two cohorts of patients older than 70 years.
Eating pasta would be healthier if people did so within a Mediterranean diet framework that focuses on vegetables, fish, healthy oils and whole grains, instead of pizza, garlic bread and fattening sauces, said registered dietitian Julie Upton. Cooking pasta properly and limiting portions to a baseball-size serving also are important, Upton said.
The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics is among the critics of a plan to reorganize the Department of Agriculture, citing concerns about moving the Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion into the Food and Nutrition Service. The AND contends the two areas do not overlap and if the change is made there should be protections added to ensure "our nation's science-based nutrition policy is not compromised."
US researchers found a 15% lower risk of type 2 diabetes among those who had the highest magnesium intake, compared with those with the lowest magnesium intake, and the association held true even when the participants ate a poorer quality of carbohydrate foods. The findings in Diabetes Care showed that each additional magnesium intake of 50 mg per day was associated with a 4% lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
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