CDC Director Dr. Thomas Frieden said the government lacks the resources, flexibility and technologies to stop the Zika virus from being endemic. Speaking at a gathering of mayors and other US city leaders, Frieden called for cities to reinforce public health spending, mosquito control and citizen education programs.
Women in recent years have closed the gender gap with men when it comes to alcohol consumption -- they are now about as likely to drink alcohol and almost as likely as men to have alcohol use problems, according to a study in BMJ Open. Registered dietitian nutritionist Dee Harris said women metabolize alcohol differently than men, and drinking more than one drink a day can raise their risk of micronutrient deficiencies, breast cancer, stomach ulcers and vascular problems.
Researchers followed 41,000 individuals from Norway, Denmark, Germany, Sweden and Spain and found those living near roads where night-time traffic noise reached average levels of 50 decibels were at a 6% higher risk of hypertension compared with those residing near quieter roads. The findings, published in the European Heart Journal, also showed an association between long-term exposure to particulate air pollution and an increased risk of self-reported high blood pressure.
A study in Diabetes Care showed that overweight patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes and stable coronary artery disease had increased mean, daytime and nighttime heart rate, and reduced standard deviation of beat-to-beat intervals and root mean square of successive differences after taking liraglutide, compared with those on placebo. Danish researchers also found an association between liraglutide and a reduced high-frequency power, but no effect on the low-frequency/HF ratio.
A study in JAMA Cardiology found that cardiac rehabilitation may help heart attack survivors live longer but does not contribute to healthier living, with patients displaying similar health improvements within a year of the heart attack regardless of participation in cardiac rehab. Researchers noted that heart attack survivors who received cardiac rehab were less likely to avoid health care due to the expense.
The FDA will add a warning about the potential risk of abuse to the labels of prescription testosterone drugs and other anabolic androgenic steroids to include safety information from case reports and published literature. Testosterone and other AAS drugs can be abused by adults and adolescents, which could lead to serious adverse effects on mental health and to the brain, heart, liver and endocrine system, according to the agency.
The CMS will give health care providers more opportunities to participate in Medicare's alternative payment models and will take new applications for the Next Generation ACO and Comprehensive Primary Care Plus models for the 2018 performance year, HHS Secretary Sylvia Mathews Burwell said. Both models are considered advanced alternative payment models under the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act.
Food manufacturers are finding ways to sneak vegetables into foods, even pizza and brownies, but registered dietitian Sally Kuzemchak is concerned that it sends children mixed messages about what to eat and what to avoid. Kuzemchak also questions the value of adding powdered fruits and vegetables to foods, because the water content of low-calorie fresh produce is what makes it so filling.
Research in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism found the antioxidant resveratrol may help reverse hyperandrogenemia and hyperinsulinemia linked to polycystic ovary syndrome. Data also associated resveratrol with improvements in insulin metabolism.
A UK study found when physicians had a 30-second conversation with obese patients and then referred them to a weight-loss program, many patients lost weight and most found the intervention appropriate and helpful. Data published in The Lancet showed 77% of patients in an intervention group accepted the referral and 40% attended the program, compared with 9% of patients in a control group who were given weight-loss advice and later attended a weight-loss program.
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