A study in the Journal of the Endocrine Society showed that children with obesity had an almost four times increased risk of developing incident type 2 diabetes before reaching adulthood, compared with those with a normal body mass index. UK researchers used a cohort of 369,361 children ages 2 to 15 and found a 1.6-fold increase in diabetes risk for every 1 standard deviation increase in BMI z score.
Individuals with p.A1369S, a common missense variant in a gene tied to the sulfonylurea receptor, had a significantly lower risk of type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease, according to a study in Diabetes. Researchers evaluated data on 120,286 participants in the UK Biobank and found that the genetic variant is also associated with increased body mass index but lower waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for BMI.
Researchers found that type 2 diabetes patients who received iDegLira, a fixed combination of insulin degludec and liraglutide, for 26 weeks had lower hypoglycemia estimated rate ratios than those on insulin degludec or insulin glargine U100 alone for all definitions of hypoglycemia. The findings in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, based on two studies, revealed those in the iDegLira group also had greater chances of achieving an A1C of 7% or lower or 6.5% or lower without American Diabetes Association-documented symptomatic hypoglycemia, and without weight gain and hypoglycemia.
As a nurse, Carol Goldstein knew she wanted palliative care for her late-stage ovarian cancer. She signed up for the University of Colorado Cancer Center's palliative care program, receiving aid from a psychologist and a dietitian, who helped with treatment side effects, such as diarrhea, constipation and gastrointestinal pain.
UK and Norwegian researchers found that children who received emotional feeding or food to soothe negative feelings from their parents at ages 4 and 6 were more likely to develop emotional eating at ages 8 and 10, while those who were more easily comforted by food had increased odds of being emotionally fed. The findings in the journal Child Development were based on data involving 800 youths in Norway.
It is important to remove sources of lead from the home, such as lead-based paint and certain pottery or candy, and address problems with lead in tap water to prevent children from ingesting it, according to nutrition and pediatric experts. Diet also is important, and registered dietitian nutritionist Kristi King said vitamin C helps the body absorb iron to prevent lead absorption and vitamin B1 can help reduce blood levels of lead.
Frequent consumption of flavored waters, either carbonated or still, may damage teeth, writes registered dietitian nutritionist Ellie Krieger. Edmond Hewlett, a professor at the University of California-Los Angeles School of Dentistry, said the citric and fruit acids in flavored waters can erode teeth and affect their structural integrity.
Eating different foods changes the balance of bacteria in the gut, and experiments with fruit flies shows that certain gut bacteria can stimulate appetite for nutrients missing in the diet. The findings, published in PLOS Biology, suggest that gut-brain communication might be a basis for future treatments, senior author Carlos Ribeiro says.
A study presented at the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology's annual meeting showed the phenols in cinnamon may interact with the protein Sirt-1, which is involved in insulin regulation. That may help explain earlier study results showing people with type 2 diabetes who took cinnamon supplements had greater reductions in blood glucose levels than those who took a placebo.
Physical activity may be a risk reduction factor for heart failure in adults, including for those who are obese, researchers said. Their study in the journal JACC: Heart Failure showed that compared with people who followed recommended exercise guidelines, those who did not exercise had a 39% higher risk of heart damage.
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