Adults with type 2 diabetes treated with metformin who received once-daily sitagliptin 100 mg for 24 weeks had a mean change in baseline A1C and reduction in fasting plasma glucose similar to those who received once-weekly omarigliptin 25 mg, according to a study in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism. Researchers used a cohort of 642 diabetes patients and found that the rate of participants who achieved an A1C of less than 7% and less than 6.5%, as well as those who received rescue therapy at or before 24 weeks, were also similar between the two groups.
Researchers found that type 1 diabetes patients had a distinct and different combination of gut bacteria and significantly more inflammation in the gut's mucous membrane, compared with patients with celiac disease or healthy individuals. The findings in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism were based on 54 individuals in Italy who underwent biopsies and endoscopies of the duodenum between 2009 and 2015.
A breakthrough molecular imaging technique similar to PET called Hyper-Spectral Phasor analysis, developed by researchers from the University of Southern California, uses fluorescent imaging to simultaneously look at many different molecule types in complex living systems. The approach, described in the journal Nature Methods, was significantly less time-consuming and more cost-efficient than technology from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and it may enable clinicians to determine the cancer risk of skin lesions through cellphone images, said researchers Francesco Cutrale and Scott Fraser.
Many food-insecure people who could be helped by the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program do not apply for benefits because of the social stigma surrounding food stamps, said registered dietitian Clancy Cash Harrison. People who have participated in SNAP or other nutrition assistance programs should not be afraid to speak out about how they have helped them, as listening to and sharing stories will help others view getting help as a "hand up, not a hand out," Harrison said.
Registered dietitian Leah McGrath said grocery shopping trends in 2017 will be shaped by an "increasingly sophisticated consumer" who will want to see many options. RD Annette Maggi said consumers want more transparency in the food chain, and grocery stores will offer more grab-and-go single-serving foods and less-than-perfect fruits and vegetables that are lower in cost.
The UK's Food Standards Agency recommended consumers avoid roasting, frying or grilling starchy foods to a brown color because longer exposure to high cooking temperatures can increase production of acrylamide, which is linked to cancer. The agency said raw potatoes and parsnips should not be refrigerated because cold temperatures can increase sugar levels in the vegetables, which could increase the amount of acrylamide produced during cooking.
Three middle schools in Nebraska's Papillion La Vista school district have revamped their cafeterias and expanded menus to include options such as multiple entree options and self-serve fruit and vegetable bars. Officials say students are getting their food faster, giving them more time to eat, and officials say food waste is down and consumption of fruits and vegetables is up.
A move in Texas last spring to remove the bachelor's degree requirement for child protection caseworkers is getting pushback from Democratic lawmakers and child advocates. Two bills have been introduced supporting the restoration of the threshold, and $140 million in emergency funding has been made available to hire 800 caseworkers.
Following a new state mandate for quicker action on abuse reports, Hennepin County, Minn., now claims the state's only county-run 24/7 child protection response system. "Kids and families don't rest; we were trying to push meeting their needs into a 40-hour work week," said Carrie Crook, a supervisor at the unit.
Absorption in digital technology is endangering neurological, physical and social health by shoving present reality and human connection into life's background, experts warn. "Without open spaces and downtime, the nervous system never shuts down -- it's in constant fight-or-flight mode," said Nancy Colier, a psychotherapist and author of "The Power of Off."
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