Japanese researchers found that individuals who lost at least 30% of their body weight had higher incidence rates of fragility fractures, especially among men, compared with those who had body weight loss from less than 10% to less than 30%. The findings in Diabetes Care, based on data on 4,706 patients with type 2 diabetes from the Fukuoka Diabetes Registry, mean age of 66, showed that those who lost at least 30% body weight also had higher incidence rates for any fracture than other body weight-loss groups.
Youths with persistent cow's milk allergy had lower height and weight, but not body mass index, for their age, compared with those with peanut and tree nut allergies, researchers reported at the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology's annual meeting. The findings also showed more significant declines in weight and BMI z-scores from ages 2 to 4 among those with cow's milk allergy.
Pittsburgh hospitals, universities and other institutions are tracking how much food waste they generate and making changes to reduce it. Market Central, the University of Pittsburgh's biggest dining hall, reduced food waste by about 5% per student by cutting portions and using smaller serving bowls and plates.
Calcium is an important nutrient during pregnancy for mother and child, and pregnant women need about 300 additional milligrams per day for a total of 1,300 mg, said registered dietitian Jessica Cording. Dairy is a good dietary source of calcium, but Cording said pregnant women should limit sugars in products such as ice cream and yogurt to prevent gestational diabetes.
A study in The Journal of Pediatrics showed that none of the breastfed infants who received supplemental formula milk were readmitted to the hospital, compared with four of those who received breastfeeding alone. The findings, based on 164 newborns who had a weight loss greater than the 75th percentile for their age despite being exclusively breastfed for one to three days after birth and whose mothers hadn't started mature milk production, also showed similar breastfeeding rates at one week and one month, as well as no significant differences in the intestinal microbiomes of the groups.
A study in Diabetes Care revealed that eating red meat and chicken cooked in open-flame and/or high-temperature more than 15 times per month was independently associated with a 1.28 pooled hazard ratio of type 2 diabetes, compared with those who consumed grilled food less than four times monthly. Researchers used a cohort of 138,240 US adults who ate more than two servings of animal meat every week and found a 1.20 pooled hazard ratio for type 2 diabetes when comparing the extreme quartiles of doneness-weighted frequency of high-temperature cooking.
A team of University of Michigan researchers counted the total number of health care providers in counties of different health status levels and income and found that around 50% more nurse practitioners were available in counties with the lowest health status level, compared with the healthiest counties. The findings, published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine, also showed there were 15% fewer NPs in the highest-income areas compared with the lowest-income areas.
Pharmaceutical Care Management Association President and CEO Mark Merritt and others, in a meeting with federal officials last month, discussed opioid prescribing issues and noted that applying prescription drug discounts at the point of sale would result in 22% higher Medicare Part D premiums and raise costs by $42 billion over the next decade.
In response to new legislation, Pharmaceutical Care Management Association President and CEO Mark Merritt told STAT News that "we always support, as an industry, patients paying lower price at the counter. ... If it happened in the past, it shouldn't have and to the degree it does today, it's an outlier practice."
A new law in Arkansas protecting drugstore profits is an outlier that will raise costs for taxpayers and employers, according to the Pharmaceutical Care Management Association. "The only possible beneficiary will be drugstore owners, who've made it clear they want to charge higher rates," said PCMA President and CEO Mark Merritt.