Sen. Lisa Murkowski, R-Alaska, said in an opinion piece that she would support repealing the Affordable Care Act's requirement that Americans purchase health insurance or pay a penalty. Murkowski was one of three Republicans to vote against legislation that would have repealed major portions of the ACA, and her support for repealing the mandate could indicate she will support a GOP tax plan that includes that provision, but she also reiterated her support for measures to stabilize the ACA.
Researchers examined healthy adults ages 65 and older and found that those who received speed-of-thought processing training using a computer program were 29% less likely to develop dementia over 10 years, compared with those who didn't undergo any training, and those who received information on memory or problem-solving strategies did not have a reduced risk of long-term dementia. The study in Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions also showed that more speed-processing training sessions were tied to even lower odds of dementia, researchers said.
The rate of emergency department visits for self-harm treatment among US girls ages 10 to 24 rose by 8.4% annually between 2009 and 2015, with the rate of ED visits for self-harm among those ages 10 to 14 increasing by 18.8% annually during the same period, according to a CDC study in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The findings should prompt increased efforts aimed at curbing self-injury among youths, researchers said.
Researchers found that youths with standard-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia who underwent experimental reduced delayed intensification chemotherapy with 30% lower cumulative dexamethasone dose and 50% lower doses of vincristine, doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide had a higher eight-year relapse rate. In addition, they had lower rates of eight-year disease-free and overall survival, compared with those who received the standard DI protocol. The findings were published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
Children with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes developed pancreatic exocrine dysfunction after initiation of islet cell autoimmunity, compared with the control group, according to a study in Pediatric Diabetes. Researchers used a cohort of 106 children with and without diabetes and found that defects in pancreatic exocrine function develop "during the progression of islet autoimmunity to clinical type 1 diabetes," while elastase levels may be used as a biomarker of exocrine pancreas function.
Cancer patients need good nutrition to maintain energy and strength, so while eating may be difficult due to chemotherapy or radiation side effects, it should be considered part of the treatment plan, says registered dietitian nutritionist Katherine Pett. It's not the time to optimize a healthy diet, however, Pett says, so cancer patients should shoot for good nutrition but eat the foods they can tolerate.
Dietitians say it is important to have a diet and exercise strategy for the Thanksgiving holiday that addresses workouts before dinner, alcohol consumption, lighter recipes and leftovers. Registered dietitian Tamara Duker Freuman advises people to eat a balanced breakfast on Thanksgiving and a midday snack, if needed, to avoid being too hungry when sitting down to dinner.
Registered dietitian nutritionist Sara Haas says "nutrifying" an apple pie can include using a whole-grain crust, reducing the amount of sugar in the recipe and piling on the apples. After the pie is baked, Hass says, cut it into 12 slices, instead of the usual eight, for portion control.
Research published in the journal Nature found that although consuming a lot of salt can affect the gut microbiome, there are some intestinal bacteria may help protect against hypertension. A high-salt diet depleted Lactobacillus murinus in mice, but modulating T helper 17 cells helped protect against hypertension, the study found.
Keep employees engaged during the holiday season by showing gratitude and keep them healthy by offering flu shots and keeping work areas clean, says TotalWellness founder Alan Kohll. Encourage workers to take paid time off, offer opportunities for stress relief and start a wellness challenge linked to gratitude that offers fun incentives.