An American Cancer Society study showed 42% of all cancers diagnosed in 2014, along with more than 45% of cancer deaths, were associated with 17 modifiable risk factors, with the top three being smoking, excessive weight and alcohol use. The study published in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians found 85.8% of lung cancer cases, more than 70% of liver cancer cases, nearly 55% of colorectal cancer cases and almost 29% of breast cancer instances were linked to modifiable risk factors.
Canadian researchers found that women with gestational diabetes, hypertension or both conditions during pregnancy were at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular disease, as well as increased CVD mortality risk, later in life, compared with those without any of the conditions. The findings in the American Journal of Epidemiology, based on 63,438 couples, revealed that the average time to the outcome of CVD among women with a history of both gestational diabetes and hypertension was 10.8 years, compared with 11.4 years among those with a history of either condition and 11.5 years for those without any of the conditions.
A social worker at Sacred Heart Children's Hospital in Spokane, Wash., runs a classroom where young cancer patients can keep up with their studies, which in turn provides other benefits. "There's a huge body of research and evidence behind keeping kids mentally strong and focused and distracted in a lot of ways to help them cope with some of the worst experiences that they could have in the hospital," says social worker Maggie Rowe.
Los Angeles County is working with a child-focused ride-sharing service to transport foster children to their school of origin. Ride-share service HopSkipDrive will receive $400,000 through the end of June, and its drivers will get trauma training.
A US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study finds drug overdoses, suicide attempts and self-injuries are dramatically increasing for girls, with the sharpest increase for those age 10-14. The rate for that age group has almost tripled from 2009 to 2015.
Nebraska state senator Lynne Walz is calling for an investigation into state-licensed care facilities with repeated violations. Walz seeks an investigative committee "to examine why our state continues to rely on assisted-living facilities and mental health centers that segregate, congregate and, unfortunately, warehouse people with mental illness."
Applying discounts and rebates at the point of sale in Medicare Part D would result in higher insurance premiums for subscribers while boosting drugmakers' profits, the Pharmaceutical Care Management Association said in response to a proposed CMS rule. Proposed requirements "could put at risk the choice and affordability of preferred pharmacy plans," PCMA states.
Attorneys general of 45 states and Washington, D.C., allege that some makers of generic drugs colluded with each other to keep profits high.
A study in Circulation found patients who had a first-time myocardial infarction had an elevated risk of vascular dementia and not Alzheimer's disease. The findings, based on 314,911 patients who had a heart attack between 1980 and 2012 and more than 1.5 million individuals who did not have heart attacks, showed that among those who had stroke after experiencing heart attack, the risk increased substantially.