Dutch researchers analyzed data on 10 adults with type 1 diabetes and found that a wearable biosensor and algorithm, designed to predict hypoglycemia and wirelessly transmit heart rate data to a mobile device, detected "clear patterns" of heart rate changes before 28 of the observed 39 events. Researchers, who presented the findings at the Endocrine Society's annual meeting, said they would continue to refine the algorithm.
A bill in the California Legislature would require screenings of women for mental health problems such as postpartum depression during pregnancy and after they give birth. Some health care providers say they are reluctant to screen women because it is difficult to find practitioners to treat those who need help.
While biosimilar uptake continues to accelerate in the UK and the rest of Europe, the situation is different in the US, where barriers such as slow regulatory action have hindered the market. For one drug alone, Britain's annual savings attributed to biosimilar use totaled $113 million, and the pace of market entries is expected to grow as patents expire.
University of South Florida researchers found that adding the beet compound betanin to a copper-bound beta-amyloid mixture resulted in up to 90% lower oxidation of 3,5 di-tert-butylcatechol, suggesting the possible suppression of peptide misfolding. The findings, presented at the American Chemical Society annual meeting, shows the potential of betanin "as an inhibitor of certain chemical reactions in the brain that are involved in the progression of Alzheimer's disease," said researcher Li-June Ming.
Researchers found that individuals who consumed sugar-sweetened beverages were at an increased risk of coronary heart disease-related, cardiovascular disease-related and all-cause mortality. The findings, presented at the American Heart Association's annual meeting and based on data from the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study involving 17,930 individuals, showed no association between consuming sugar-sweetened foods and increased mortality risk.
Breakfast is a good place to start when looking at options for reducing dietary sugars, said registered dietitian nutritionist Carrie Dennett. A breakfast of whole grains, fruits and vegetables boosts fiber intake, and when paired with a healthy protein and fat, also provides energy for the day.
Registered dietitian Amanda Baker Lemein recommends having two treats per week when trying to lose weight because it takes away the problem of being denied favorite foods. These indulgences should be the real thing and not low-calorie knockoffs, Lemein says, but not something kept in the house and readily available.
People on the calorie-restrictive 5:2 diet experienced a greater decrease in systolic blood pressure than dieters on a regular calorie-restrictive plan, a study in the British Journal of Nutrition found. Intermittent energy restriction cleared fat more efficiently than a regular calorie-restrictive diet, and researchers said the 5:2 diet potentially could positively affect risk markers for cardiovascular disease.
Postmenopausal women who scored higher on a Mediterranean diet intake questionnaire had better muscle mass and greater lumbar spine bone mineral density than those with a lower score, researchers reported at the Endocrine Society's annual meeting. "We believe protein in the diet, such as fish, can increase muscle mass, and that antioxidants play a role," said senior author Dr. Poli Mara Spritzer.
Barriers still exist to improving population health but political leaders increasingly understand why it is important as health care costs escalate, Dr. Mark Smith told the Thomas Jefferson University Population Health Colloquium. New reimbursement models that focus on value instead of volume and new technologies that provide large data sets to guide approaches also are factors in the increased prominence of population health, Smith said.