The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is expected recommend at this week's 15th International AIDS Conference that rapid HIV tests be administered to all pregnant women entering labor if their viral status is not known. If found to be positive, health care providers could give women the anti-HIV drug nevirapine and significantly reduce transmission of AIDS. The test could be especially important in developing countries, where a women's only contract with the health care system is often when she goes into labor.

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