State figures indicate that in Texas, black students are overrepresented across all grade levels in terms of the number of students sent to alternative schools because they've been suspended from public school, writes Veronica Garcia, a litigation fellow with the ACLU of Texas Foundation. She adds, "Despite the fact that there are no data to support the assumption that these groups of students misbehave more than others, research by the American Psychological Association states that African-American students may be more severely punished for less serious or subjective reasons."

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