The almost decade-long decline in U.S. infant mortality has hit a snag, with CDC data showing the rate increased from 6.78 per 1,000 children in 2004 to 6.86 in 2005. Black babies were 2.4 times as likely to die as white babies before before their first birthday. Researchers say low birth weight, shorter gestations and premature births account for the increase in mortality.

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