The Obama administration is proposing a 6% boost in the Homeland Security budget, with additional funds earmarked for transportation security, border protection and state and local initiatives. Beginning in 2012, the administration is seeking to hike the $2.50-per-flight-segment security fee paid by airline passengers, noting that the current fee covers only "36% of the cost of aviation security." The airline industry opposes any attempt to raise security fees on carriers and their passengers. "We believe that aviation security is a U.S. government responsibility," said a spokesman for the Air Transport Association of America. "These costs should not be on the backs of airlines and their customers."