While U.S. workers may find it easier to file discrimination lawsuits these days, there is no guarantee that courts will rule in their favor. A Harvard Law & Policy Review study found that just 15% of federal plaintiffs won their job-discrimination suits between 1979 and 2006. In comparison, 51% of all other civil suits were won during the same time frame. "Judges demand more of discrimination cases than other types of cases," says Stewart Schwab, a study co-author and dean of the Cornell University Law School.

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