The federal economic-stimulus package includes a provision mandating that governors address disadvantaged students' unequal access to top teachers and improve overall teacher effectiveness in order to be eligible for $53.6 billion in state education funding. "The intent here is not to expect some sort of dramatic change overnight," said Marshall "Mike" S. Smith, a senior adviser to the U.S. secretary of education. "It is, however, to expect states to see that this is a fundamental inequity and to begin to address it in a thoughtful way."

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