Researchers found a positive association between improved nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and reduced incidence of type 2 diabetes, according to a Japanese study in Diabetes Care. The findings were based on 3,074 adults with and without NAFLD.
A Tufts University study found people who consumed one sugar-sweetened beverage daily may increase their risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The study in the Journal of Hepatology analyzed data from 2,634 adults comparing the consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks per month, per week and per day.
A study presented at the American Gastroenterological Association meeting found that patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease were at an increased risk of developing coronary artery disease. The results "suggest that patients with coronary artery disease should be screened for liver disease, and likewise [patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease] should be evaluated for coronary artery disease," said researcher Dr. Rajiv Chhabra.
The risk of death or needing a liver transplant is almost 14 times higher for children with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease compared with their peers, Mayo Clinic researchers reported. The retrospective study included 66 children who were followed for a mean of 6.4 years.
A German study found that lifestyle interventions help obese children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease lose weight and improve transaminase levels. The program, which included physical activity, nutrition education and behavior therapy, resulted in a significant decrease of transaminases and weight among participants one and two years after the program began.