After an effort to implement drastic cuts to global carbon emissions failed, Group of Eight leaders assembled in L'Aquila, Italy, pledged to prevent global temperatures from rising more than 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit above global temperature averages before the Industrial Revolution. Though global temperatures have risen nearly halfway to that target, G-8 leaders did not declare what enforcement mechanisms would be used to prevent them from rising further. The subset Group of Five emerging nations, which include China and India, argued that developed nations must take the brunt of the burden in addressing climate change.

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