Powerful lawmakers, both Democrats and Republicans, are increasingly favoring coal rather than natural gas in legislation to deal with global warming. In many areas of the U.S., coal would have a guaranteed price advantage over other forms of energy production under terms of a climate-change bill adopted by the House of Representatives in June. "The Senate is more open to natural gas as a transition fuel than the House was, but the senators from the coal states who are crucial votes are going to want first consideration for coal," said Sen. Charles E. Schumer, D-N.Y.

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