A report on the controversial closures of some low-performing and under-enrolled Chicago schools from 2001 to 2006 showed the closures had little effect on student achievement, mostly because many of the students from such schools were placed in other failing schools. However, the research showed that the 6% of students who ended up at top schools showed significant gains in learning. The research did not look at what happened after 2006, when a turnaround approach of reopening schools with a new staff was used.

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