Researchers at the University of Texas are attempting to explain why roughly half of first-time principals do not remain in the same job after five years and why many do not continue as principals at all. "We think the job has outgrown the ability of one person to handle it," says researcher Ed J. Fuller. Other state-specific research has shown that turnover is highest at lower-performing schools -- possibly because of pressure on principals to come in and quickly raise student test scores.

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