The use of alternative testing in some Virginia schools has raised concerns about the validity of achievement gains, particularly among English-language learners and students in special education. "How do you know we are closing the achievement gap, because thousands of our kids are not being tested the same way?" asked one parent advocate. While proponents of alternative testing say it offers better measurements of proficiency among some students, skeptics say the methods are being overused and not offering accurate reflections of student performance.

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