Education Secretary Arne Duncan says incentives for high-performing states, districts and schools may be among the provisions of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act -- known as No Child Left Behind. Incentives could include increased recognition and autonomy as well as extra resources in cases where reforms result in increased student achievement. "Under [the No Child Left Behind Act] there are basically no incentives. There was nothing. There are 50 ways to fail, and if you succeeded, there was nothing there for you," Duncan said.

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