Factors that increase the risk of primary liver cancer include chronic infection with hepatitis B or C, cirrhosis, diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, excessive alcohol consumption and obesity. -- Mayo Clinic
A Tufts University study found people who consumed one sugar-sweetened beverage daily may increase their risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The study in the Journal of Hepatology analyzed data from 2,634 adults comparing the consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks per month, per week and per day.
Obesity may be a risk factor for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, a buildup of liver fat that can lead to cirrhosis and liver failure, health experts say. Other medical issues, such as sleep apnea or diabetes, also may be risk factors. Researcher Jay Hoofnagle of the National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases says dealing with underlying problems, such as bad eating habits and too little exercise, is important for preventing NAFLD, which is not directly caused by drinking alcohol.
Type 1 diabetes patients showed a lower prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and cirrhosis, but more diagnoses of glycogenosis than those with type 2 diabetes, a British study indicated. However, researchers found the prevalence of cirrhosis during follow-up was 301.5 per 100,000 in type 1 diabetes patients compared with only 76.3 per 100,000 in the general population. The results were presented at The Liver Meeting.
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma in patients who do not have other liver diseases or cirrhosis, a study revealed. Researchers said only 9% of patients in the study got liver cancer without having metabolic risk factors and that alcohol played only a minor role. The findings were presented at the International Liver Congress 2012.
Toronto dietitian and author Liz Pearson has spent March, designated as Nutrition Month, traveling Canada to preach the nutrition benefits of whole grains and dark leafy vegetables. Among her tips for a healthy diet are to eat whole foods -- the way nature provides them -- incorporate good fats, choose complex carbs and eat more beans.