Indra Nooyi, chief executive of PepsiCo, is a vegetarian who believes obesity would not be a problem if people exercised. But she said PepsiCo is "transforming our portfolio" by investing in healthy products and in sweeteners and salt-reduction technologies to give "fun-for-you foods" better nutrition profiles.
Cardiovascular nurses can give patients simple, practical nutrition advice during brief office visits to help them make beneficial behavioral changes, says Jennifer Ventrelle, a registered dietitian at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago. She says a quick assessment of a patient's diet and exercise patterns can help nurses target ways to change habits, such as a suggestion to eat at restaurants less often or reduce alcohol consumption.
An addiction to sweets is difficult to break because sugar stimulates reward centers of the brain and affects stress hormones that can provide a temporary sense of relief from anxiety, says Dr. Charles Raison, a psychiatrist at Emory University Medical School. He says a complete diet overhaul to eliminate most processed and packaged foods and focus on natural foods can be easier for some people than trying only to reduce sugar intake.
A cellulose derivative compound called Attiva taken as a hydrogel tablet with water swells in the stomach and increases the feeling of satiety after and between meals, a study found. Attiva also slows the rate of gastric emptying, which helps increase satiety.
Fermented foods from yogurt to kimchee are making a move back onto the menu for health-conscious Americans. As scientists continue to reveal the health benefits of active bacterial cultures found in fermented foods, diners are finding the foods just right for a host of digestive conditions.