A rise in the number of students in special education in New York City schools, coupled with higher costs to educate students with special needs, is leading some officials to call for increased flexibility and an end to some state special-education mandates. Removing the requirement to provide copies of Individualized Education Plans to all teachers and raising the cap on the number of students with special needs in co-taught classrooms are among the proposed changes, which advocates say will harm student outcomes.

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