Health organizations have defined healthy bacteria or probiotics, but there is little scientific evidence supporting many of the health claims associated with them. Food labels may not clearly spell out what type of probiotic a product contains or what health benefits it might have, and regulatory agencies worldwide are looking at reining in the industry.
Remembering the four Fs of food, fiber, fluids and fitness can lead to improved quality of life for people with chronic constipation. People need from 21 grams to 38 grams of fiber daily for colon and digestive health, and supplements can fill in the gaps when diets are lacking.
T cells for three peptides in gluten appear to trigger the autoimmune response that characterizes celiac disease, according to study results. Researchers said they used the findings to design an experimental injectable vaccine using small amounts of the three components.
Microbiologists reported finding new viral genes in feces and noted viruses found in the intestines are unique to each person. They said bacterial viruses in the gut or colon tend to be more stable than viruses in other environmental communities, such as in the oceans.
A GfK Roper survey found digestive illnesses upset daily routines for many people, but 43% believed most types of bacteria do not help the gastrointestinal tract. More than 40% of survey respondents thought all probiotics have similar benefits and are not strain specific.