A number of President Barack Obama's key education-reform strategies are facing legislative hurdles amid divided election-year support in Congress. Plans to revise the 2002 No Child Left Behind Act this year have failed to advance, as have the administration's efforts to secure funding to prevent teacher layoffs. Other reforms, such as the push to establish national academic standards and the Race to the Top grant competition, have been more successful. However, the competition-based elements of the administration's reform efforts have faced recent criticism from civil rights groups.

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