China has responded to growing accusations that it played a role in an unprecedented spate of global cyber-attacks by reporting that it was the victim of about half a million malicious attacks last year, about 15% of which reportedly could be traced to IP addresses in the U.S.
The Defense Department has clarified its position on cyber-attacks, labeling state-sponsored hacking as a potential "act of war" that may warrant a conventional military response, according to military officials discussing the Pentagon's soon-to-be-released cybersecurity plan. "A cyber-attack is governed by basically the same rules as any other kind of attack if the effects of it are essentially the same," said retired Air Force Maj. Gen. Charles Dunlap. News of the policy shift comes days after military contractor Lockheed Martin said it is boosting its defenses following a "significant and tenacious" cyber-attack against its networks.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology has issued a 537-page guide outlining roughly 190 cybersecurity measures for smart-grid electrical systems. The recommendations come in response to growing concerns about cyber-attacks targeting the technology, including the Stuxnet Trojan horse that infiltrated some industrial systems earlier this year.
Microsoft and Intel may have become "yesterday's tyrants," The Economist writes, even though Windows software and Intel chips are still the basis for most computers. Their future as power partners is being threatened by the push to cloud computing and mobile devices, The Economist argues.
Research in Motion said it will not give user data to United Arab Emirates government officials, although it reportedly met with the Emirates' government to discuss a proposed ban on some BlackBerry software.