Some Republican governors say they won't proceed with health care insurance exchanges unless the federal government allows them more leeway over how they run their Medicaid programs. Louisiana and Montana recently made moves against setting up exchanges, but other states are proceeding.
A survey in Pennsylvania found 93.3% of adults age 21 and older reported they think they hold greater responsibility for their personal health than their providers, while 4.3% said their providers were more responsible. But 32.5% of respondents said they don't participate in planned weekly exercise and only 25% said they refrain from consuming high-salt foods, according to the survey.
An Italian study of 61 adults with type 1 diabetes on insulin pump therapy found that those who learned how to calculate their carbohydrate intake had a slight reduction in their weight and waist size and reported quality-of-life improvements after six months. The findings indicate that counting carbs may help people with type 1 diabetes pay closer attention to their diet and exercise, researchers wrote in the journal Diabetes Care.
An Ohio State University study found stress changes the number and makeup of intestinal bacteria, which could lead to health problems. The study in the journal Brain, Behavior, and Immunity found when antibiotics were used to reduce intestinal bacteria, some of the stress effect on the immune system was prevented.
Constipation can increase the risk of developing hemorrhoids, anal fissures, fecal incontinence, colonic conditions and urologic disorders, according to a review of scientific evidence published between 1980 and 2007. The researchers also reviewed current treatment options for constipation.