Registered dietitian Stefanie Copple says dietary changes should not be seen as a temporary weight-loss tool, but more of a lifestyle change in order to keep off unwanted weight. She says no food or beverage should be forbidden, and any plan should not be overly restrictive or it won't last.
A report in the Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine found that girls, but not boys, who were enrolled in the National School Lunch Program gained weight faster than low-income nonparticipants. Children in the program tend to consume less sugar and more protein, vitamins and minerals, but they also get more dietary fat and calories, previous studies have found.
A study in PLoS Genetics found that people who had high-consumption versions of the genes CYP1A2 and AHR took in 40 more milligrams of caffeine than those who had the low-consumption genotype. "The point here is that the way we drink caffeine is not just random. It's related to the genetic hand of cards you were dealt," study co-author Dr. Neil Caporaso said.
Several Indianapolis-area school districts participate in the "Chefs Move to Schools" program, which encourages professional chefs to find creative ways to reduce obesity by offering students healthier foods. Frank Lee, executive chef for Warren Township Schools, said his focus has been on adding whole grains, fruits and vegetables to the menu, while Brownsburg schools chef Beth Ruble said she brings in fruits, vegetables, herbs and spices to teach children about healthy, fresh foods.
Data on 37,000 healthy, male Israeli teens found that those with a body mass index above 20.7 had a threefold risk of developing heart disease in their 30s and 40s, while those with a BMI exceeding 25 were seven times more likely to develop heart disease later in life. The study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, noted a 12% increase in the risk of heart disease for every one-unit increase in BMI.