A study in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that vitamin E and diabetes drug metformin did not fare better than a placebo in treating fatty-liver disease in obese children. However, researchers found that vitamin E resolved 58% of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis cases and metformin resolved 41%, compared with 28% for the placebo group.
The Department of Agriculture awarded the University of Arkansas a five-year, $4.78 million grant for an intervention project to fight childhood obesity and improve children's diet, activity levels and healthy behaviors. The project also will educate teachers and other providers on childhood obesity.
Researchers found that a two-week diet of limiting carbohydrates or calories in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease greatly reduced the level of hepatic triglycerides. The study, published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, found that the decrease in liver triglycerides was greater in patients with limited carbohydrate intake than those with a restricted calorie diet, but weight loss was about the same in both groups.
Women who have had a preterm birth may be able to reduce their risk of another by eating moderate amounts of fish, up to three times a week, according to a study in Obstetrics & Gynecology. U.S. researchers said their study found that women who ate fish more than once per month had a 35.9% probability of another preterm birth, compared with a 48.6% chance for those who consumed fish less often.
The University of Tennessee Extension Service has joined with churches and schools in two cities to hold classes to help people tackle childhood obesity. Community nutrition educator Aneta Dodd said the goal is to get parents and children into the kitchen, so classes cover shopping for and cooking healthy food, reading labels, and making healthier lifestyle choices.