Compared with whites with end-stage kidney disease, black patients ages 18 to 30 were twice as likely to die while undergoing dialysis while those ages 31 to 40 were about 1.5 times more likely to die, researchers reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The study of 1.3 million people with kidney problems overturned the conventional wisdom about the safety of dialysis for younger blacks and suggests a need for more targeted advice to patients as well as more investigation of the reasons behind the disparities, researchers said.

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