Nightshade vegetables, such as tomatoes, peppers and eggplant, contain alkaloids that some people worry may promote inflammation, but registered dietitian Cynthia Sass said there is a lack of good research on the issue and most nightshades contain only a small amount of the chemical compounds. Sass said people with inflammatory conditions or autoimmune disease might try cutting out nightshade vegetables to see if they feel better, but for most people there is no reason to not to enjoy them.
Chefs and restaurants will get more creative with salads and vegetable dishes next year as more consumers discover the benefits of going meatless at more meals, Technomic predicts in its trend list for 2013. Chicken and a wider selection of grains are also likely to show up on more menus next year, the report says, along with smaller dishes that feed our growing hunger for snacks.
An analysis of two studies on dietary measures for preventing colon cancer found that green vegetables, dried fruit, legumes and brown rice reduced the risk of colon polyps, researchers reported in the journal Nutrition and Cancer. The Loma Linda University study team said these foods are high in fiber, which is known to dilute potential carcinogens.
Children ages 3 to 5 almost doubled their intake of vegetables on days when they were given meals that included regular vegetable servings and dishes with pureed veggies versus days without the pureed veggies, a study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found. Children appeared to like the doctored recipes as much as they liked the standard meals, but researchers noted that this is not the only strategy parents can use to make children eat vegetables.
Red meat and processed meats have been linked to a higher risk of cancer, but experts say to cut back, not eliminate them, and to look for lean protein that includes "loin" in the description. An overall low-fat diet and keeping BMI in normal ranges also can reduce cancer risks. Cancer researcher Diane Wilson says the top 10 cancer-fighting foods include cruciferous vegetables, berries, tomatoes, sweet potatoes, nuts and Greek yogurt.