An analysis in the Annals of Internal Medicine revealed that obese people who took part in behavioral programs lost an average of seven pounds more over 12 to 18 months compared with those who did not receive special weight-loss therapies. Researchers noted even greater weight loss in patients who received behavioral therapy plus medication than those with behavioral therapy alone.
Children born to mothers who did not smoke, maintained ideal gestational weight and breastfed for at least 12 months, as well as children who got at least 12 hours of sleep as an infant, were less likely to be obese than those with the opposite factors, according to a study presented at an Obesity Society meeting. More than half of cases of childhood obesity could be prevented if the population reduced the number of these adverse risk factors from two or more to zero or one, researchers said.
The U.S. government advocates eating more fruits and vegetables but does not subsidize their growers anywhere near the level used to support meat and other crop producers who grow food for animals that become meat. Land that qualifies for direct commodity-crop subsidies does not need to be planted, and putting in fruits and vegetables can disqualify it, even as estimates show that if Americans follow the new dietary guidelines, the country will need another 13 million acres of fruit and vegetable crops to meet demand.
Hula hoop fitness classes, which can incorporate dance or yoga, provide a low-impact workout for adults that burns about 210 calories in 30 minutes while toning and strengthening muscles. The hoop itself has evolved from a plastic child's toy to become exercise gear that can weigh 5 pounds and cost $30.
The risk of having babies with a neural tube defect or cleft lip or palate was lower in pregnant women with a healthy diet regimen compared with those with less-healthy diets, regardless of whether the women took a vitamin or mineral supplement, according to a study in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. The study was based on data from the U.S. National Birth Defects Prevention Study for October 1997 to December 2005.