A study of 3,700 children older than age 6 who were examined for chest pain at Children's Hospital Boston from 2000 to 2009 showed only 1% had an underlying heart problem. Chest pain in children was frequently caused by muscular conditions or respiratory or gastrointestinal problems, researchers wrote in Pediatrics. They said primary care providers could use the chest pain SCAMP screening to determine the cause of chest pain and avoid unnecessary tests and referrals to cardiologists.

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