The ethanol industry was not invited to attend a House subcommittee hearing on motor-fuel standards, at which a majority of the witnesses gave testimonies opposing E15 and the Renewable Fuel Standard. Margo Oge, director of transportation and air quality for the Environmental Protection Agency, defended RFS2, saying it could cut demand for fossil fuels by up to 13.6 billion gallons in 2022. The EPA projects that RFS2 "would decrease oil import expenditures by $41.5 billion, result in additional energy-security benefits of $2.6 billion, and reduce [greenhouse-gas] emissions by an average annualized rate of 138 million metric tons of [carbon dioxide] equivalent per year," Oge added.

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