Recent research focusing on the capabilities -- rather than the disabilities -- of individuals with autism spectrum disorders suggests that tests designed to measure intelligence in schoolchildren may be ineffective for those who have the disorder, leading schools to overlook their potential. "Depending on which test you use, you get a very different picture of the potential of the kids," said Isabelle Soulieres, a researcher at Harvard University. "They can solve really complex problems if you give them material that they can optimally process."

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