Guidance from the federal government suggests schools may need to determine whether more students should be receiving accommodations or services under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Section 504 plans, which often are associated with learning disabilities such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, are meant to ensure that students with such disabilities are on equal footing with their classmates. However, standards for using the plans typically have been applied unevenly from district to district.

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