Following a high-fat diet may increase the levels of endotoxins in the blood, with greater effects seen in type 2 diabetes patients, according to a British study to be presented at the Society for Endocrinology's annual meeting. Researchers examined 54 participants who had a high-fat diet and found that endotoxin levels in type 2 diabetes patients rose from 5.3 to 14.2EU/ml after four hours, while blood toxin rates in obese participants grew from 5.1 to 7.7EU/ml.

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