Three years ago, a 17-year-old was diagnosed with rabies infection at a Texas hospital, but she recovered without intensive treatment and then was lost in follow-up attempts. Her case confounds the current data on rabies, which kills some 50,000 people worldwide annually and from which only five people have recovered after undergoing the intensive Milwaukee protocol. Health officials' attempts to locate the girl have all failed, and the case is prompting some health officials to rethink the current wisdom on rabies.

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