Yale University researchers reported that obeticholic acid may benefit patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. NASH is linked to obesity and is a common cause of liver cancer and end-stage liver disease. The research team said potential side effects of the treatment include itching and increases in cholesterol levels.
Consumption of indigestible starches found in legumes, corn, firm bananas, cooked potatoes and other foods could protect colon DNA from damage and reduce the risk of colorectal cancer, Australian researchers report in the Journal of Nutrition. "It takes about 15 years from the first bowel cancer-initiating DNA damage to full-blown cancer, so the earlier we improve our diets the better," said researcher Dr. Trevor Lockett.
Pennsylvania officials said state data show hepatitis C infections are increasing among people ages 15 to 34, which will affect long-term treatment and how the disease is controlled. Dr. Sameh Boktor of the Pennsylvania Department of Health said while attention has focused on HCV as a baby boomer problem, "clinicians need to consider hepatitis C in their younger patients, especially those engaging in [risky] behaviors."
Food, beverages and dietary supplements can interact with prescription and over-the-counter medications in the stomach, which can affect how well drugs work or lead to unanticipated side effects, health experts say. Shiew Mei Huang of FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research says almost 30% of patients use more than five drugs and half of people on prescription medications take OTC therapies or supplements, so patients should be clear with health professionals about which therapies they are using.
Data from government health surveys showed that obese men who underwent prostate cancer screening with a prostate-specific antigen blood test generally had lower PSA levels than their normal-weight counterparts. And overweight men who had a PSA screening were less likely to undergo a biopsy to confirm or rule out cancer. The findings indicate that the lower rates of disease occurrence among the group may be due to a lower percentage of early detection.