Diabetes occurs in pets when the pancreas doesn't produce sufficient insulin or cells can no longer respond appropriately to insulin, writes veterinarian Julianne Miller. Common signs in dogs and cats include greater drinking and urinating, increased hunger, lethargy and poor coat quality. Blood and urine tests confirm the diagnosis. Insulin injections given daily along with a specific diet are the standard treatments for diabetes, notes Dr. Miller, who adds that working closely with your veterinarian will help ensure good management of a pet's diabetes.

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